The A.D. 70 Theory
The A.D. 70 Theory
1. The second coming of Christ has been on the minds of men since He ascended into the clouds in the first century. Acts 1 Several false theories were being taught about His second coming. II Thessalonians 2:1-3a The belief that Jesus came for the last time in the first century is still with us today and must be dealt with.
2. In particular, the so-called “A.D. 70 Theory” is being advocated by many in the Lord’s church. It is also called “Realized Eschatology” or the “Max King Theory” named after the one who brought it into the churches of Christ. He has written two books which set forth this theory of Christ’s second coming: The Spirit of Prophecy (1971) and The Cross and the Parousia of Christ (1987).
3. This theory contends that the second coming of Christ, the establishment of the eternal kingdom, the day of judgment, the end of the world, and the resurrection of the dead all occurred in A.D. 70 with the destruction of Jerusalem and the fall of Judaism.
1. A New Vocabulary. Proponents of the 70 A.D. Doctrine redefine the meaning of common words. Words such as “world” and “elements” do not mean what their common definitions are.
2. Many words are redefined in order to force their understanding around the fulfillment of prophecy in 70 AD.
III. THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST
1. Those who believe the “A.D. 70 Theory” teach that all references to Christ’s second coming deal with His coming in judgment upon Jerusalem and the nation of Israel in A.D. 70.
2. Jesus did come in judgment in A.D. 70. This was not a literal, personal coming. Matthew 24:15-35 Note verse 35 especially.
3. His second and final coming will be personal and literal.
5. The destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 was upon a particular city and a particular nation.
6. His second coming will involve all nations. Matthew 25:31-32
IV. THE RESURRECTION
1. More terms are redefined. The adherents teach that the resurrection mentioned in the New Testament is the resurrection of the church. It had been “buried” under Judaism until A.D. 70. Christians “rose” from the grave of Judaism. They do not believe in the resurrection of the human body.
2. Read Daniel 12:2-3. “And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt. Those who are wise shall shine Like the brightness of the firmament, And those who turn many to righteousness Like the stars forever and ever. NKJV This refers to literal, bodily resurrection.
3. Read Matthew 22:23-32. Jesus believed in the resurrection of the human body. Also, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were not members of the church.
4. Read John 5:28-29. The word “all” in Greek is plural. This is not talking about resurrection of churches.
5. Read I Corinthians 15:3-4, 12-13. The resurrection of the dead (ones) is the same as the resurrection of Christ; not symbolic or figurative, but literal and bodily.
V. JUDGMENT DAY
1. Max King teaches the “judgment day” mentioned in the New Testament (For example: II Peter 3:5-7) is judgment only upon the Jewish world. There will not be a judgment when all appear before God. But the context of II Peter 3 is a universal judgment (similar to the flood of Noah’s day), not one solely upon the Jews.
2. Read Matthew 12:41-42. Did the Lord resurrect the people of Ninevah in A.D. 70? Of course not!
3. Read Romans 14:10. Did that happen in A.D. 70?
4. Read II Corinthians 5:10. Did everyone receive what they were due in A.D. 70?
5. Read Revelation 20:10-11, 14-15. Did all the dead stand before the throne in A.D. 70? Were all the lost thrown into the lake of fire in A.D. 70? Were Satan and death destroyed in A.D. 70? No, they were not.
1. Many other parts of this teaching could be mentioned, but enough has been examined to see that the A.D. 70 Theory is false. There is going to be a future judgment day when everyone will stand before God’s throne.
2. There are many variations to this doctrine. Proponents of it have adapted their beliefs of it over the years.
3. Proponents of this doctrine rely on deductions drawn from Eisegesis of the text. Exegesis takes conclusions from the text, Eisegesis puts things into the text or alters it in order to force a conclusion.
4. There are no clear statements in scripture which support the 70 AD theory that can be taken at their most fundamental meaning.